High ketone levels in urine may indicate diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA), a complication of diabetes that can lead to a coma or even death. A ketones in urine test can prompt you to get treatment before a medical emergency occurs.
What should I do if I have ketones in my urine?
Talk to your doctor immediately if your urine results show moderate or large amounts of ketones. This is a sign that your diabetes is out of control, or that you are getting sick. If you are unable to reach your diabetes care team, head for the emergency room or an urgent care facility.
What does the presence of ketones in the urine indicate?
The presence of ketones in the urine probably indicates that the body is using fats rather than carbohydrates for energy. High levels of ketones may be present in the urine of individuals with uncontrolled diabetes because the body’s ability to metabolize carbohydrates is defective.
Can dehydration cause ketones in urine?
Dehydration. High blood sugar levels, which lead to high ketone levels, significantly increase urination and can lead to dehydration.
How many ketones in urine is bad?
If the urine ketone level is greater than 2+, or blood ketone levels are greater than 3 mmol/L, the GP or diabetes care team should be contacted immediately.
Does drinking water reduce ketones?
Drinking more water
Many people suggest that drinking more water may help reduce a person’s keto breath. This is because the body expels more ketones in urine rather than as a breath. By drinking water, people will produce more urine, which will help expel many of the ketones from the body.
What is a good ketone urine level?
An abnormal result means you have ketones in your urine. The results are usually listed as small, moderate, or large as follows: Small: <20 mg/dL. Moderate: 30 to 40 mg/dL.
What is the fastest way to get rid of ketones?
You can also try these steps to bring down your ketone levels:
- Drink extra water to flush them out of your body.
- Test your blood sugar every 3 to 4 hours.
- Don’t exercise if you have high blood sugar and high ketones.
Can you have ketones without having diabetes?
People without diabetes can also have ketones in the urine if their body is using fat for fuel instead of glucose. This can happen with chronic vomiting, extreme exercise, low-carbohydrate diets, or eating disorders.
Can a UTI cause ketones in urine?
WBCs in the urine may mean a UTI is present. Ketones. When fat is broken down for energy, the body makes substances called ketones (or ketone bodies).
Can fasting cause ketones in urine?
You can be in ketosis if you’re on a low-carbohydrate diet or fasting, or if you’ve consumed too much alcohol. If you’re in ketosis, you have a higher than usual level of ketones in your blood or urine, but not high enough to cause acidosis. Ketones are a chemical your body produces when it burns stored fat.
How long do ketones stay in urine?
The strips typically expire within three to six months after opening, so keep in mind how often you intend to use them ( 7 ). If you want to check your urine ketones day-to-day, stick with a specific time, like in the morning or several hours after your last meal of the day, for best comparison ( 8 ).
How can I test my urine for ketones at home?
To take this kind of test at home:
- Insert one of the blood ketone test strips into the meter until it stops.
- Wash your hand with soap and water, and then dry it.
- Stick your finger using the lancing device.
- Place a drop of blood into the hole on the strip.
- Check the result, which will display on the meter.
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What color should my ketone strip be?
Different brands of strips may differ in their exact color-coding, but generally a dark purple color is used to indicate the highest level of ketones. Test strips also have a color corresponding to a “negative” test—these results mean no ketones were detected. It’s important to follow the 15-second rule.
What do you do if you have ketones?
Check your ketone level.
When you’re ill or stressed, test your urine for excess ketones with an over-the-counter urine ketones test kit. If your ketone level is moderate or high, contact your doctor right away or seek emergency care. If you have low levels of ketones, you may need to take more insulin.
How high is too high ketones?
What do my results mean?
|normal/negative||less than 0.6 millimoles per liter (mmol/L)|
|low to moderate||0.6 to 1.5 mmol/L|
|high||1.6 to 3.0 mmol/L|
|very high||greater than 3.0 mmol/L|